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Does Adversity Really Make Us Stronger? Usually Not

Back view of a young man with a personal problem stands at wooden wall.
Nietzsche famously said “That which does not kill us makes us stronger,” but growing evidence suggests it usually doesn’t.

The Negative Spiral of Religious Intolerance

Illustration of a group of people running with a battering ram
Experiencing threats based on one’s religion is associated with greater animosity toward other groups.

When Our Religious Beliefs Make Us Bad

Woman with rosary
Many people believe that religion is necessary for morality, but we find that some religious beliefs nudge people toward unethical inaction.

Believing in Divine Forgiveness May Affect Well-being

Woman with hands in air and birds flying around her
Depressive symptoms are lower when people feel forgiven by God, but especially when they don’t forgive themselves.