People are remarkable at processing human faces. In a split second, one can recognize a person’s gender, race, or emotions. However, this expertise only works when the faces belong to one’s own racial group. Known as the own-race advantage (ORA), this psycholgical limitation affects people of all colors. People are notoriously bad at distinguishing between members of unfamiliar racial groups. Scientists have reliably demonstrated the ORA effect across different ethnic groups and with various experimental paradigms.
Much of our daily lives are taken up by habits that we've formed over our lifetime. An important characteristic of a habit is that it's automatic-- we don't always recognize habits in our own behavior. Studies show that about 40 percent of people's daily activities are performed each day in almost the same situations. Habits emerge through associative learning. "We find patterns of behavior that allow us to reach goals.